The forms of sweets available in the Middle Ages were very limited.
The two basic flavoring ingredients most associated with sweets, chocolate and vanilla, come from New World plants.
- The "modern" first candy, fruit dipped into melted sugar, was developed in the 1400s.
- Prior to the establishment of the trade routes with china, honey was the only sweetener in Medieval Europe.
- By 600 AD the practice of breaking up the sugar cane and boiling it to produce sugar crystals was widespread in China.
- Six hundred years later, when Marco Polo visited China, he saw flourishing sugar mills.
- The medieval world was quick to recognize the difference sugar made to food, and a flourishing trade built up.
Fats and Oils